Aprenda Inglês Gratis

Disc. Ind. Wh Questions

Discurso Indireto

Wh – questions

1 Em inglês, as wh-questions são perguntas começadas por palavras interrogativas do tipo: what, who(m), whose, which, when, where, why, how.
2 Consideremos a frase seguinte na interrogativa direta do tipo wh-:
He asked, "Where are the children?"
Para convertê-la em interrogativa indireta, siga os seguintes passos:

(a) comece por:

He asked
(b) introduza o pronome pessoal me (como opção):
He asked (me) …
(c) adicione o advérbio where da interrogativa direta:
He asked (me) where
(d) mude a ordem das palavras "verbo + sujeito" (are the children) para "sujeito + verbo" e recue o tempo verbal para o passado:
He asked (me) where the children were
(e) termine a frase com ponto final:
He asked (me) where the children were.
NOTA: Repare na ausência dos recursos gráficos na interrogativa indireta (que são somente empregues na interrogativa direta): a vírgula (,), as aspas ("") e o ponto de interrogação (?).
 
3 Os passos apresentados no ponto anterior aplicam-se quando os verbos são do tipo be (principal ou auxiliar), have (auxiliar) e modais (can, will, may, etc.):
He asked, "How is the baby?"
He asked (me) how the baby was.

He asked, "Who are you going out with?"
He asked (me) who I was going out with.

He asked, "How many exercises have you done?"
He asked (me) how many exercises I had done.

He asked, "When can Susan see me?"
He asked (me) when Susan could see him.

He asked, "What will you be doing?"
He asked (me) what I would be doing.

 
4 Os verbos auxiliares do, does, did (nas interrogativas diretas) desaparecem nas interrogativas indiretas:
He asked, "What do you want?"
He asked (me) what I wanted.

He asked, "Where does she live?"
He asked (me) where she lived.

He asked, "Why didn’t she telephone?"
He asked (me) why she hadn’t telephoned.

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